National Cancer Institute
“There is no clear evidence that the artificial sweeteners available commercially in the United States are associated with cancer risk in humans.”
Source: National Cancer Institute, “Artificial Sweetener Fact Sheet”
Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
“The FDA has approved a variety of sugar substitutes according to its rigorous testing
and evaluation of sweeteners. The majority of studies did not document harmful effects related to
the intake of artificial sweeteners, even when people consumed large amounts”.
Source: Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics Evidence Analysis Library, The Truth about Artificial Sweeteners or Sugar Substitutes”
American Diabetes Association & National Cancer Institute
“Individuals with diabetes and diabetes health care professionals can benefit from learning more about nonnutritive sweeteners to make informed decisions about their use based on available evidence, rather than on myths and misinformation shared on the Internet and in the print and electronic media. Research on five approved nonnutritive sweeteners supports safety when used under FDA recommendations. Potential benefits include calorie and carbohydrate reduction for weight management, glycemic control, and reduction in the risk of tooth decay”
American Heart Association & American Diabetes Association Joint Statement
“The evidence reviewed suggests that when used judiciously, NNS (non-nutritive sweeteners) could facilitate reductions in added sugars intake, thereby resulting in decreased total energy and weight loss/weight control, and promoting beneficial effects on related metabolic parameters. However, these potential benefits will not be fully realized if there is a compensatory increase in energy intake from other sources.”
Source: American Heart Association and American Diabetes Association Scientific Statement, “Nonnutritive Sweeteners: Current Use and Health Perspectives”
Of the currently available low-calorie sweeteners, only aspartame is considered a “nutritive” sweetener, as it is metabolized by the body and provides calories. However, since so little aspartame is needed to obtain the same sweetness as sugar, the calories are negligible. Conversely, sweeteners like saccharin are not broken down by the body at all, provide no calories, and are frequently termed "zero-calorie" or "no-calorie" sweeteners.
For more information on the various low-calorie sweeteners available today, please visit the Calorie Control Council